Skip to main content

Esophagitis Endoscopic pictures By Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti

Esophagitis means inflammation of esophagus. There are various types of esophagitis. The signs and symptoms of each type of esophagitis are more or less the same, but the causes are different. For example,

1. Chemical esophagitis: Caused by chemicals, Click here to read in detail about chemical esophagitis

2. Infectious esophagitis: As name itself represents, it is caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Click here to learn more about Infectious esophagitis 

3. Reflux Esophagitis: Reflux esophagitis is a result of Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Click here to learn more about Reflux esophagitis

4. Barret esophagitis: Caused by chronic reflux of stomach acid back to to esophagus. Chronic untreated GERD causes this type of esophagitis. Click here to learn more about barret esophagus

Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti, an honorable member of, and also is the Head of Medicine Department of Capital Hospital Islamabad Pakistan, who is also an expert endoscopist, has shared some very clear pictures of reflux esophagitis. And these pictures are being shared here for the readers of

First of all have a look at the endoscopic view of normal esophagus, after that compare it with the endoscopic view of affected esophagus.


Normal esophagus endoscopic view


Now, the picture you are seeing above is an endoscopic view of a normal esophagus. Now compare this with the endoscopic pictures of an affected esophagus which are given below.

Acid reflux esophagitis endoscopic view  Esophagitis endoscopic view

You must have noticed a clear difference. The chronic acid reflux to esophagus has destroyed the smooth surface of esophagus. The surface has become rough, bumped and reddish. Now these pictures must have given you some idea of the pain that the affected patients suffer due to the reflux esophagitis. Sometimes the pain becomes so severe that a doctor needs to do special test to rule out cardiac event or Myocardial Infarction, which is known as heart attack in a layman term.

Thanks to Dr. Siddique Akbar Satti for sharing these pictures with us all.


Popular posts from this blog

Human Parasites, Types of Parasites, and Classification

Parasite: A parasite is a living organism which gets nutrition and protection from another organism where it lives. Parasites enter into the human body through mouth, skin and genitalia. In this article, we will generally discuss the types and classification of parasites. It is important from an academic point of view. Those parasites are harmful, which derives their nutrition and other benefits from the host and host get nothing in return but suffers from some injury. Types of Parasites Ecto-parasite: An ectoparasite lives outside on the surface of the body of the host. Endo-parasite: An endo-parasite lives inside the body of the host, it lives in the blood, tissues, body cavities, digestive tract or other organs. Temporary parasite: A temporary parasite visits its host for a short period of time. Permanent parasite: Permanent parasite lives its whole life in the host. Facultative parasite: A facultative parasite can live both independently and dependently. It lives in the

How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol

Beta blockers include, atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal ) and metoprolol (Lopressor) and are used to treat high blood pressure, certain cardiac problems, migraine and few other conditions. People usually take atenolol, propranolol or metoprolol for many years as a treatment of high blood pressure or after having an episode of heart attack . Sometimes, it becomes necessary to withdraw these beta blockers due to their potential side effects that trouble the patients or sometimes doctor wants to change the drug and shift the patient to some other anti-hypertensive medicine. No matter whatever the cause is, whenever, a patient who has been using a beta blocker for a long period of time, and he needs to be stopped from further usage of that beta blocker, must not stop taking it. One should taper off the dose of a beta blocker. Now a question arises how to wean off or taper off a beta blocker? The method of tapering off beta blocker varies from individual to individual. Allow you

Difficulty in standing up from a sitting or squatting position, Causes & Solution

People who feel it difficult to stand up from a sitting or squatting position may have problem in one or more of the following structures. 1. Knee joint 2. Muscles of legs, thighs or buttock 3. Muscles of arms 4. Cerebellum Let’s now explain one by one, what kind of problems in above structures may cause difficulty in standing up from a sitting or squatting position. 1. How do problems in knee joints lead to difficulty in standing up? Knee joint is one of the primary and most affected joint that takes part in standing up. Other joints that take part are hip, ankle, knee, elbow, wrist and shoulder joint. Knee joint gets the most strain , and also knee joint is comparatively less supported. That’s why usually it’s the knee joint that starts to cry first because of arthritis. Knee joint arthritis causes long term knee pain , that makes the movement difficult at knee joint. Arthritis also makes the knee joint stiffer and slower and its range of motion also decreases. All these affects coll