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Showing posts from February, 2014

How anabolic steroids (used for bodybuilding) affect heart?

The use of anabolic steroids is becoming very popular among the bodybuilders. Anabolic steroids are not safe to use, in fact, in higher doses anabolic steroids are extremely dangerous. Athletes do use them, but they take them under the supervision of a qualified medical practitioner, who continuously monitors them for the onset of side effects.  But a common man doesn’t do that, he follows them without any supervision and is at higher risk of having bad effects of their overuse. ( Read Also: How to gain muscle mass without anabolic steroids ) In this article, we will discuss only the effects of anabolic steroids on the heart. Anabolic steroids increase the stamina of the bodybuilder or athlete. They allow him to work for a longer period of time. When he workouts for a longer period, his heart also works harder for that period of time and his heart muscles grow stronger with the passage of time. This is called cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy beyond limits is very dangerous.

USMLE Question: Clinical Case - 14

A 24 year old female presented at term for delivery of her first baby. Her pregnancy was normal and uncomplicated throughout the course. Her medical and surgical histories didn’t reveal any remarkable event. She delivered normal healthy baby. The mode of delivery was vaginal and the placental cotyledons were complete and intact. Although her delivery was augmented by oxytocin. Five and half hour later she notices heavy vaginal bleeding and also starts complaining of severe pelvic pain. On examination her respiratory system was normal except mild tachypnea. The abdomen was soft but tender at hypogastrium. Uterine fundus is not palpable. Pelvic examination reveals heavy fresh bleeding and 6 x 9 cm mass inside the vaginal vault. Significant vaginal and cervical tears are not noted on pelvic examination. Answer the following questions. You may review quiz to find out correct answers. For any further queries, you may comment below. Like us on Facebook or Follow us on twitter for more up

Dr Sadia Tasleem MBBS, FCPS I, MRCS

Dr Sadia Tasleem Dr Sadia Tasleem MBBS, FCPS I, MRCS Dr Sadia Tasleem born in 1985, in Rawalpindi Pakistan. She graduated from Wah Medical College in 2009. Later she joined the department of medicine and department of surgery at POF Hospital Wah Cant and did her training as House Physician and House Surgeon respectively. She also got ACLS and BTLS certification in 2009. In 2011 she passed her CPSP (college of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan) exam and started working in department of surgery at Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi as a fellow. Later she continued her Postgraduate training in General Surgery at Federal Government Services Poly Clinic Hospital Islamabad and Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi respectively. She became the Member of Royal College of Surgeons in 2012 and got ATLS certification in 2013. The Team of is really honored by the decision of Respected Dr Sadia Tasleem to join the Editorial board of

How do Oral Contraceptives Prevent Pregnancy? Their Mechanism of Action

Oral contraceptives prevent conception/pregnancy due to their following effects on a woman’s body. 1. Oral contraceptive pills contain Estrogen and a Progestogen. The most commonly used Estrogen in oral contraceptive pills is  Ethinyl Estradiol while the commonly use Progestogens are Norethindrone, Levonorgestrel, Desogestrel and Norgestimate. You can see their names written in the leaflet that is supplied along with the pill pack.  2. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation. they inhibit the release of the egg from the ovaries and without the egg, the male sperm can’t produce a baby. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation by manipulating the normal hormonal responses and blood level of a female. Hypothalamus secretes a hormone called Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). This acts on the anterior pituitary and causes the release of FSH and LH. FSH reaches the ovaries via blood where it causes follicle maturation and development. It also signals the release of Estrogen from the foll