Skip to main content

Enlarged Breasts in Males and Enlarged Breasts in Females

GYNECOMASTIA - Fibroadenoma – phylloides Tumor Papilloma Breast Disease

Enlarged Breasts in Males and Enlarged Breasts in Females
Disorders that affect the breasts are very prevalent, it may be: congenital, functional and even malignancies.
Although the increasing number of cases of breast cancer, benign changes (congenital, inflammatory and proliferative) still represent a group of disorders most frequently encountered in clinical practice. The complaint of breast pain is present in about 70% of women aged 17-45 years.
A Cause of enlarged breasts in males is an increased level of circulating estrogens. Estrogens stimulate the breast tissue and result in enlarged breasts in males.

1 - Gynecomastia:

Abnormal growth of breast tissue in male patients is called gynecomastia.(enlarged breasts in the male) This event occurs at puberty physiologically and elderly.
Some drugs can also lead to gynecomastia such as Digitalis, anabolic steroids, and spironolactone etc.
This change can also be caused by some chronic diseases such as chronic renal failure, liver cirrhosis, and malnutrition. This is because in these conditions there is an excess of estrogen that induces the growth of breast tissue.
The diagnosis is clinical palpation through the tissue, and the search for the underlying cause, if necessary with additional tests. Treatment should be based on the findings of examinations and even after treating the cause if the regression of the tissue doesn’t occur, surgery can be done to remove the extra breast tissue

2 - Fibroadenoma:

Fibroadenoma is another cause of enlarged breasts in males. But it is a more common cause of enlarged breasts in females instead of a man. It is a benign tumour of the breast, involving women aged 20-35 years. Its signs and symptoms are lumps of elastic consistency and size ranging from 2 to 3 cm. During pregnancy, nodules may appear that may eventually become painful. The diagnosis is made by fine needle aspiration. The treatment depends on the patient's age and the size of the lesion.

3 - phyllodes tumour:

They are very bulky tumours, which can reach 15 cm, found more often in older women (40-50 years). Hence it is a cause of enlarged breasts in females. This tumour can behave like a giant Fibroadenoma, locally aggressive and may lead to local fibrosis. Or can behave like a malignant tumour that may have distant metastases. It is more common in women.
The diagnosis is done by radiological and pathological examination such as x-ray and biopsy..
Treatment includes resection of the tumour with safety margins to prevent recurrences.

4 - Papilloma:

It is a benign tumour of breast epithelium.
This is a tumour located within the lactiferous ducts (the location where the milk passes). It may be solitary or multiple, may be detectable or not on manual examination
Regardless of the form, which is important in this type of tumour is the possibility of it becoming malignant. The diagnosis can be done through exams such as ultrasound of the breast. The treatment is surgical, removing the entire lesion.
Dr. Sarah Raquel Cavalcanti dos Santos
edited by: Dr. Adil Ramzan


  1. Thanks a lot for this beauty Enjoying article with me. I am appreciating it very much! Looking Forward to Another Great article. Good luck to the Author! All the best.
    Breast Implant

  2. A good informative post that you have shared and thankful your work for sharing the information. Got some appealing information and would like to provide it a try.


Post a Comment

Post Your Reply and Give Your Opinion About the Post

Popular posts from this blog

Human Parasites, Types of Parasites, and Classification

Parasite: A parasite is a living organism which gets nutrition and protection from another organism where it lives. Parasites enter into the human body through mouth, skin and genitalia. In this article, we will generally discuss the types and classification of parasites. It is important from an academic point of view. Those parasites are harmful, which derives their nutrition and other benefits from the host and host get nothing in return but suffers from some injury. Types of Parasites Ecto-parasite: An ectoparasite lives outside on the surface of the body of the host. Endo-parasite: An endo-parasite lives inside the body of the host, it lives in the blood, tissues, body cavities, digestive tract or other organs. Temporary parasite: A temporary parasite visits its host for a short period of time. Permanent parasite: Permanent parasite lives its whole life in the host. Facultative parasite: A facultative parasite can live both independently and dependently. It lives in the

How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol

Beta blockers include, atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal ) and metoprolol (Lopressor) and are used to treat high blood pressure, certain cardiac problems, migraine and few other conditions. People usually take atenolol, propranolol or metoprolol for many years as a treatment of high blood pressure or after having an episode of heart attack . Sometimes, it becomes necessary to withdraw these beta blockers due to their potential side effects that trouble the patients or sometimes doctor wants to change the drug and shift the patient to some other anti-hypertensive medicine. No matter whatever the cause is, whenever, a patient who has been using a beta blocker for a long period of time, and he needs to be stopped from further usage of that beta blocker, must not stop taking it. One should taper off the dose of a beta blocker. Now a question arises how to wean off or taper off a beta blocker? The method of tapering off beta blocker varies from individual to individual. Allow you