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Massive Pericardial Effusion Case: X Ray and CT Diagnosis And Treatment

Q: 54 year old male presented to us with low grade fever for 1 month associated with gradually worseningdyspnea along with orthopnea and PND. There is also H/O marked weight loss. What is your radiological diagnosis?
chest-xray
Courtesy Of Dr. Tayyab Akhtar: MO : Holy Family Hospital
Rawalpindi Pakistan
Post your answer as comment.

The image below is the CT chest images of the same patient? Would u like to change your radiological diagnosis? What other clinical signs you would be looking for?
Courtesy Of Dr Tayyab Akhtar MO Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan
Answer: 

This patient is having massive pericardial effusion. One should immediately look for pulsusparadoxicus, a raised JVP and blood pressure to rule out cardiac temponade. This patient was not having temponde also confirmed on echocardiography. Most common cause in Pakistan is still tuberculosis. Patient was put on ATT and steroids and is doing good Alhamdullilah.
¨In case of cardiac temponade immediate pericardiocentesis should be done and if there is a possibility of recurrent effusions, a pigtail catheter is usually placed. This is the pic of another patient with recurrent pericardial effusion and a pigtail catheter is in place.
image-of-patient-with-pigtail-catheter
Patient with pigtail catheter inserted. Courtesy of Dr Tayyab
Akhter Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi

2 comments:

  1. it is plane chest x_ray showing modert size of pleural effuion due to pulmonary tuberculosis

    ReplyDelete
  2. plz show me the r8 answer

    ReplyDelete

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