Skip to main content

Goiter - Causes - Types Of Goiter

Goitre is a Thyroid Disease.
goiter causes types
Enlargement of thyroid gland irrespective of its pathology is called goitre. 

The thyroid gland is located in the neck, below Adam's apple (bony prominence in the neck, more prominent in males) and in front of the trachea.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland causes a prominent (or slightly or non-prominent)  bulge in the neck.

There are many causes of a goitre.

Causes of Goiter.

Following conditions lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland and goitre formation.

1. Physiological goitre.

  • Puberty onset goitre
  • Pregnancy-related goitre.
2. Autoimmune diseases.
  • Grave's disease 
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
3. Thyroiditis.
  • Acute thyroiditis
  • Chronic thyroiditis ( Reidel's disease)
4.  Iodine deficiency goitre (also called endemic goitre)
5. Goitrogens (chemicals aiding goitre formation for example sulphonylureas) 
6. Multinodular goitre
7. Diffuse goitre
8. Cysts
9. Tumours
  • Adenoma
  • Carcinoma
  • Lymphoma
10. Sarcoidosis
11. Tuberculosis 
12. Dysmorphogenesis.
Types Of Goiter.

1. Non-Toxic (Simple) Goiter.
  • Diffuse hyperplastic goitre
  • Colloid goitre
  • Multinodular non-toxic goitre
  • Solitary non-toxic nodule
2. Toxic Goiter
  • Diffuse toxic goitre (Grave's disease)
  • Multinodular Toxic Goiter
  • Solitary toxic nodule.
3. Neoplastic Goiter
  • Enlargement of the thyroid due to benign neoplasm
  • Enlargement of the thyroid due to malignant neoplasm
4. Thyroiditis Associated Goiter.
  • Granulomatous Thyroiditis associated goitre
  • Autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis) associated goitre
  • Riedel's thyroiditis associated goitre
5. Other Rare Goiters
  • Amyloid goitre
  • Acute bacterial thyroiditis associated goitre
  • Chronic bacterial thyroiditis associated goitre


Popular posts from this blog

Human Parasites, Types of Parasites, and Classification

Parasite: A parasite is a living organism which gets nutrition and protection from another organism where it lives. Parasites enter into the human body through mouth, skin and genitalia. In this article, we will generally discuss the types and classification of parasites. It is important from an academic point of view. Those parasites are harmful, which derives their nutrition and other benefits from the host and host get nothing in return but suffers from some injury. Types of Parasites Ecto-parasite: An ectoparasite lives outside on the surface of the body of the host. Endo-parasite: An endo-parasite lives inside the body of the host, it lives in the blood, tissues, body cavities, digestive tract or other organs. Temporary parasite: A temporary parasite visits its host for a short period of time. Permanent parasite: Permanent parasite lives its whole life in the host. Facultative parasite: A facultative parasite can live both independently and dependently. It lives in the

How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol

Beta blockers include, atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal ) and metoprolol (Lopressor) and are used to treat high blood pressure, certain cardiac problems, migraine and few other conditions. People usually take atenolol, propranolol or metoprolol for many years as a treatment of high blood pressure or after having an episode of heart attack . Sometimes, it becomes necessary to withdraw these beta blockers due to their potential side effects that trouble the patients or sometimes doctor wants to change the drug and shift the patient to some other anti-hypertensive medicine. No matter whatever the cause is, whenever, a patient who has been using a beta blocker for a long period of time, and he needs to be stopped from further usage of that beta blocker, must not stop taking it. One should taper off the dose of a beta blocker. Now a question arises how to wean off or taper off a beta blocker? The method of tapering off beta blocker varies from individual to individual. Allow you

Difficulty in standing up from a sitting or squatting position, Causes & Solution

People who feel it difficult to stand up from a sitting or squatting position may have problem in one or more of the following structures. 1. Knee joint 2. Muscles of legs, thighs or buttock 3. Muscles of arms 4. Cerebellum Let’s now explain one by one, what kind of problems in above structures may cause difficulty in standing up from a sitting or squatting position. 1. How do problems in knee joints lead to difficulty in standing up? Knee joint is one of the primary and most affected joint that takes part in standing up. Other joints that take part are hip, ankle, knee, elbow, wrist and shoulder joint. Knee joint gets the most strain , and also knee joint is comparatively less supported. That’s why usually it’s the knee joint that starts to cry first because of arthritis. Knee joint arthritis causes long term knee pain , that makes the movement difficult at knee joint. Arthritis also makes the knee joint stiffer and slower and its range of motion also decreases. All these affects coll