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Complications of Diabetes / sugar - Diabetes Complications - Effects Of diabetes On body -

Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar level.
Diabetes affects almost every system of the body.
All these effects become prominent only if blood sugar levels can’t be restricted under recommended values.
It doesn’t mean that diabetics will suffer from all these conditions. Diabetics must take care of themselves. If they are successful in controlling their blood sugar levels under normal range as a result of proper use of medicine, they will not suffer from these complications and can lead their lives happily.
We will discuss effects of diabetes one by one.


Effects of Diabetes on Cardiovascular System.

Diabetes has following effects on the cardiovascular system

1.    Micro-vascular lesions
2.    Macrovascular lesions, atherosclerosis and narrowing of the vascular lumen.
3.    Myocardial infarction and Ischemic heart diseases are common
4.    Myocarditis and valvular heart diseases are also common among diabetics.
5.    Microinfarcts are common for example development of gangrene in distal segments of limbs. ( amputations are common )

Effects of Diabetes on the Respiratory System.

1.    Respiratory infections are common

Effects of Diabetes on Genitourinary system

1.    Nephropathy
2.    Urinary Tract Infections
3.    Renal impairment.
4.    Impotence in males

Effects on Diabetes in Central / Autonomic and peripheral Nervous system

1.    Neuropathy
2.    Polyneuropathy (involvement of more than cranial nerve)
3.    Mononeuropathy (involvement of single nerve)
4.    Peripheral neuropathy
5.    numbness
6.    lack of sensations (e.g touch, pain, pressure )


Effects of Diabetes on Metabolic system

1.    Serum fatty acid and Triglycerides level increase
2.    This is because the body can’t utilize glucose for energy production; therefore the body chooses alternative sources that are fatty acids.
3.    Increase levels of ketone bodies, Ketone bodies are produced as a result of metabolism of fatty acids
4.    Increase production of ketone bodies results in ketoacidosis.


Effects of diabetes on Skin

1.    Subcutaneous infections are common.
2.    For example diabetic foot.
3.    Skin rashes.


  1. I'm really glad that I read your post. I'm a diabetic person and I'm searching the effect of diabetes in my life. I good relief after I read your post. Thanks for sharing.


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