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Nabothian Cyst Cause Symptoms Appearance Treatment And Prevention of Nabothian Cyst

Dr. Adil R, MBBS



Nabothian Cyst is something Related to Cervix of females.

Nabothian cysts appear on Cervix. Cervix is the part of every normal and healthy woman's anatomy. It is located at the junction of uterus and vagina.
It Leads from uterus to vagina provides support to the uterus and allows the flow of menstrual blood from the uterus into the vagina, and to direct the sperms into the uterus during intercourse. It shares the weight of the fetus in pregnancy.
As cervix is present inside the body, it must be properly examined by a gynecologist to rule out any cyst, malignancy, infection or other diseases of cervix.

nabothian cyst image
Cervix Location and Appearance

Nabothian Cyst is related to cervix.
nabothian cyst

Causes of Nabothian Cyst:

In this condition, Mucous filled bumps appear on the surface of cervix. Mucous is secreted by the cervical cells and ensure protection against bacteria and provide a good media for sperm transportation. any blockage in the pores of mucous secreting cells result in the formation of mucus filled bumps. these mucus filled bums are called Nabothian Cyst.
All conditions which increase vaginal discharge may predispose to nabothian cyst formation.

Identification of Nabothian Cyst

A gynecologist can easily identify a nabothian cysts. These are whitish in color and have bumpy appearance. There can be a single nabothian cyst or multiple nabothian cysts. These are very different from pathological bumps. Nabothian cysts are shiny, smooth and soft. A qualified doctor can easily identify them and there is no need of investigations.
nabothian cyst appearance
Gynecological Appearance
Of Nabothian Cyst

Symptoms of Nabothian Cyst

Nabothian cysts are harmless. They usually don't cause any symptoms. Females usually don't know that they have got nabothian cyst. Nabothian cysts are usually discovered co-incidentally when a women is examined for some other purpose. But if there is a large nabothian cyst that is blocking the cervical opening then it may cause discomfort during menstruation.

Treatment of Nabothian Cyst

Most of the times, nabothian cyst doesn't require any treatment. It is harmless. It doesn't produce any symptoms. It doesn't affect the health of the patient. But sometime, a large nabothian cyst may block the cervical opening and cause discomfort during menstruation. In this condition cyst is removed by cauterizing or freezing methods.


Prevention/Solution of Nabothian Cyst

Nabothian cysts are harmless. And the exact cause of nabothian cyst is not know. These are not caused by viruses or bacteria and nor these are pre-cancerous. So nabothian cyst prevention is not needed. And also, we don't know how to prevent them. But most of the women have them and many remain unaware of the fact that they have nabothian cysts. .
Questions that may come in your mind regarding Nabothian cyst:
Q1. Are Nabothian cysts dangerous.
A.   No nabothian cysts are not dangerous. It is a benign condition.
Q2. Does pregnancy has any relationship with nabothian cysts.
A.   Nabothian cysts are more common in married, and multiparous (mother of more than one child) women. So it indicates that some relationship between pregnancy and nabothian cysts exists.
Q3.  Do nabothian cysts affect fertility?
A.    Large nabothian cysts may block cervical orifice which may block the upward movement of sperms. Smaller nabothian cysts that are away from cervical orifice have no effect on fertility.
Q4. Are nabothian cysts predispose to cancer?
A.   No nabothian cysts are benign they don’t progress to cancer.
Q5. Do nabothian cysts cause miscarriage?
A.   No, nabothian cysts don’t cause miscarriage.
Q6. Do nabothian cysts bleed?
A. No, nabothian cysts do not bleed. Nabothian cysts bleed don’t bleed on touch also. If a cervical lesion bleeds on touch it should be examined and sampled.

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