Skip to main content

Treatment and Prevention Of Tuberculosis (TB)

Treatment Of Tuberculosis:

Isonizid, Rifampin, Ethambutol, and pyrazinamide are considered first line Drugs;

Isonizid, Rifampin Ethambutol and pyrazinamide are given in the first two months of the therapy.
after the first two months pyrazinamide and ethambutol are not given.
Only Isonizid and rifampin are given for next 4 - 8 months, depending upon the region.
In those areas of world where drug resistance is common, three drugs are give in continuation phase and the third drug which is used is ethambutol.

If in case TB is not cured by these drugs or Mycobacterium is resistant to one or more drugs than second line of therapy is used.
second line of therapy contain following medicines.

1. Capreomycin
2. Amikacin, and other aminoglycosides.
3. Ethionamide
4. Cycloserine
5. Para amino Silicylic acid.
6. Flouroquinolones (Used in MDR TB  but not yet approved by FDA yet)

Prevention of TB.

1. Immunization with BCG.
2. Public health measure for early detection ( tuberculin test, Xray chest)
3. Eradication of TB in cattle (test and slaughter
4. Pasteurization of milk
5. INH prophylaxis in highly risk persons


Popular posts from this blog

Human Parasites, Types of Parasites, and Classification

Parasite: A parasite is a living organism which gets nutrition and protection from another organism where it lives. Parasites enter into the human body through mouth, skin and genitalia. In this article, we will generally discuss the types and classification of parasites. It is important from an academic point of view. Those parasites are harmful, which derives their nutrition and other benefits from the host and host get nothing in return but suffers from some injury. Types of Parasites Ecto-parasite: An ectoparasite lives outside on the surface of the body of the host. Endo-parasite: An endo-parasite lives inside the body of the host, it lives in the blood, tissues, body cavities, digestive tract or other organs. Temporary parasite: A temporary parasite visits its host for a short period of time. Permanent parasite: Permanent parasite lives its whole life in the host. Facultative parasite: A facultative parasite can live both independently and dependently. It lives in the

How to taper off, wean off beta blocker, atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol

Beta blockers include, atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal ) and metoprolol (Lopressor) and are used to treat high blood pressure, certain cardiac problems, migraine and few other conditions. People usually take atenolol, propranolol or metoprolol for many years as a treatment of high blood pressure or after having an episode of heart attack . Sometimes, it becomes necessary to withdraw these beta blockers due to their potential side effects that trouble the patients or sometimes doctor wants to change the drug and shift the patient to some other anti-hypertensive medicine. No matter whatever the cause is, whenever, a patient who has been using a beta blocker for a long period of time, and he needs to be stopped from further usage of that beta blocker, must not stop taking it. One should taper off the dose of a beta blocker. Now a question arises how to wean off or taper off a beta blocker? The method of tapering off beta blocker varies from individual to individual. Allow you