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Infectious Diseasesrespiratory diseases

Strep Sore Throat-Causes-Signs-Symptoms-Treatment-Complications


Strep throat or sore throat is an infection commonly caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes.

Streptococcus pyogenes have special pilli (finger-like projections which attach to surfaces) which favour attachment to the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Hence it causes infection of the throat.

Strep throat is more common in school going, children.
it is contagious and may spread from one person to another.

Signs and Symptoms: 

Strep Throat is characterized by

  • Fever
  • Sore Throat
  • Swelled lymph nodes of the neck.
  • Swelling and pain in the tonsils.
  • The pale colour of the tonsils (pus) 
  • Pain or discomfort during swallowing.
  • Headache
  • Pain in stomach
  • Nausea
Treatment and Cure:

  1. Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration
  2. Paracetamol is useful for reducing pain and fever.
  3. Lozenges are very useful for minor sore throat
  4. Sleep more
  5. Use herbal teas
  6. Proper antibiotic (under the prescription of a registered physician)

Untreated Strep Throat May lead to 
  • Sinusitis
  • Otitis Media
  • Meningitis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Rheumatic Fever
It must be treated within 10 days of infection.
Viral Sore Throat is self-limiting, it doesn't require any treatment and it is not affected by the use of antibiotics. Hence it is important to differentiate between viral and bacterial sore throat before taking expensive antibiotics.

1 comment:

  1. Great post thanks for sharing lots of details about sore throat its very helpful for every one


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